There is an increasing demand for American surrogates as Chinese singles, gays and couples look at this as the only way for them to have male children to go around the one-child policy or to finally make it to the Unites States as an immigrant.
(Photo : Ethan Miller/Getty Images)
Some American states have banned commercial surrogacy but this has not stopped wealthy Chinese citizens, single or gay individuals or even infertile couples, to turn to American surrogates. And those looking for surrogates in the Unites States are flocking in California, thanks to the state’s favorable laws and reliable physicians.
Dianna Barindelli of Modesto, California already has two young daughters but has agreed to become a surrogate first in 2012 because she still wanted to get pregnant. She belongs to an exclusive surrogate agency in Encino known as the Center for Surrogate Parenting. She became a surrogate for a Chinese couple again in 2014 and recently to a Taiwanese couple, according to Hollywood Reporter.
The rising demand for surrogates has been blamed on China’s one-child policy, which forced wealthy Chinese couples to turn to foreign surrogates so they could still spawn male children while circumventing the policy. In January this year, China changed tactics and implemented a two-child policy to save the country and the economy from its aging population but while it initially banned surrogates, ConceiveAbilities said the main law-making body of China reversed this prohibition draft but unfortunately, it is still in effect as implemented by the Health Ministry.
Foreign surrogacy has proven to be a big business as it can cost as much as $120,000 but wealthy Chinese are willing to pay the price to be able to conceive a child who would be entitled to a U.S. citizenship. Reuters said it is actually an investment for Chinese families who dream of someday immigrating to the United States when their children turn 21 and become eligible to get Green Cards for them.
Even though there is no actual data on the rising demand of Chinese for American surrogates, this is evident with the decision of fertility and surrogacy clinics and agencies in the U.S. to employ people who can speak Mandarin and to include Chinese translations for their websites. John Weltman, president of the Circle Surrogacy in Boston said they have handled six surrogacy cases for the Chinese in the past five years and expect this to double in the next months.
By lovely carillo, Parent Herald- Read More Here- http://www.parentherald.com/articles/84221/20161112/surrogacy-why-wealthy-chinese-couples-seek-americans-surrogates.htm
Single men have a chance to raise children from surrogate mothers if a new proposal by the World Health Organization (WHO) is ratified. The proposed amendments to the current definition of infertility to include ‘singles’ seek to give every person who desires a family the right to have a child regardless of whether they have health challenges that cause infertility or just do not have or want a partner to sire a child with.
As reported by The Daily Telegraph, this means a single man or woman, a gay couple, heterosexual men and women will all be able to seek the services of a surrogate mother or in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) if the proposal becomes law. Infertility will also encompass relationships that cannot result in an offspring, mainly the gay community, according to the new definition. This means by virtue of being single, one is categorised as a disabled person on grounds of infertility as one does not have a partner to sire a child with. But John Ong’ech, a reproductive specialist, said Kenya was not necessarily obligated to adopt everything WHO comes up with. “We issue IVF and propose surrogacy according to couples’ needs in relation to their infertility challenges,” said Dr Ong’ech.
Read more at: http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/health/article/2000220933/why-single-men-could-get-babies-through-surrogacy
Ontario’s Bill 28, the All Families Are Equal Act, is a well-intentioned move to end discrimination against families – in particular, same-sex couples – who use donor embryos and donor eggs and/or sperm to conceive a child.
But the legislation, in an effort to remove roadblocks to parenthood for many who are desperate to have a child, risks undermining the legitimacy of surrogacy and creating a whole new set of problems for parents, surrogates and children.
That, in a nutshell, is the view of Toronto fertility lawyer Sara Cohen. She has identified five major problems with the law:
1) Bill 28 does not distinguish between gestational surrogacy (where the person carrying the fetus has no genetic connection to the fetus, so in vitro fertilization is required) and traditional surrogacy (where the person carrying the fetus has a genetic connection to the fetus, either through insemination or IVF using the surrogate’s own egg). Almost all surrogacy is gestational, and the contracts are legally enforceable. Traditional surrogacy agreements are rarely upheld by the courts. The new law decrees that all surrogacy agreements are unenforceable. This is problematic for parents, who no longer have the security that they will get a child, as well as the surrogate, who can no longer enforce the agreement if parents-to-be change their minds.
2) The legislation would give the surrogate seven days to change her mind after birth, and require joint medical decision-making between the parents and the surrogate in the interim. This could prove nightmarish for hospitals and health-care providers if the child requires medical care.
3) The bill eliminates any judicial oversight of surrogacy. Currently, intended parents (regardless of sexual orientation, gender and number of parents) must be recognized as the legal parents of a child born through surrogacy, through a legal process. In other words, a judge has to legitimize the process, and often requires a DNA test to ensure that the woman who carried the child is not a legal parent. Ms. Cohen warns that the new law would “remove any checks and balances over surrogacy,” allowing parents to simply register the birth and declare parentage. This is problematic because, for example, parents could simply make a deal with an already-pregnant woman and avoid the adoption process. This could lead to fraud, coercion and even the “selling” of children. (Although, paying a surrogate for her services beyond basic expenses is illegal under federal law). While this rule is undoubtedly designed to cut legal expenses for would-be parents, it could prove costly in the long run.
4) In Ontario, adoptees have their records sealed to protect their privacy. Bill 28 does not automatically grant that same protection to children born through surrogacy, meaning parentage applications could be made public. Ms. Cohen argues that this is discriminatory.
5) The All Families Are Equal Act permits sperm donation through sex where there is a preconception written agreement making the donor not a parent. Ms. Cohen says this “seismic change” to the law is unnecessary and highly problematic. It essentially allows a man to contract out being a parent through sex; if that is the case, a woman should be able to do the same – and if both do so, that could leave a child with no legal parent.
This analysis is a reminder that there are many fascinating legal and ethical issues in the fertility field. More important, there are real people involved. While the sands are shifting, we owe it to them to get these laws right – or as right as possible.
That also goes for the federal government, which has promised to introduce new regulations to the Assisted Human Reproduction Act that will further restrict the ability of sperm and ova donors and surrogates to be paid for their services. In other words, onerous rules are going to be made even more so. Surrogacy should not be criminalized. But nor should it be a free-for-all, where people desperate to be parents, or those who are in desperate need of money, can be taken advantage of.
The legislation of assisted human reproduction has a tortured history in this country. We still haven’t got it right.
Government should be helping families – in all their glorious modern variations – to have children if they want. But it has to balance that with the need to protect surrogates, donors, parents and children from exploitation and heartbreak.
Jaci is 56 years old and she was tired of seeing her daughter struggle with fertility, so she volunteered to be her surrogate. She was shocked when she did become pregnant, but even more surprising was giving birth to triplets!
“Women are judged so quickly,” says actress Danielle Carter. “If you can’t have a baby, some people say it wasn’t God’s plan for you, or it wasn’t meant to be. But who are we to judge if a woman wants to try IVF or surrogacy to have a child?”
Carter is about to play Catherine, a high-flying Australian lawyer, who has endured 18 failed IVF cycles before turning to surrogacy, in a provocative new stage comedy, e-baby.
“This is Catherine’s last chance to have a baby,” Carter says. “She’s using her own eggs and her husband’s sperm to create a child. But a kind stranger is carrying her child for her. The play is about what she does in order to look after that child – which is growing in someone else’s womb, and the mind flip of that.”
Gestational surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman carries and gives birth to a baby for another person or couple. The surrogate mother might also be the egg donor or she might carry the embryo for a couple and be unrelated to the baby herself.
In Australia, commercial surrogacy is illegal. A couple cannot pay another woman to carry their child. In NSW, Queensland and the ACT, it is also an offence to enter into international commercial surrogacy arrangements – with penalties including up to two years’ imprisonment.
Altruistic surrogacy, where a woman volunteers to carry the baby for no financial benefit, has recently become legal across Australia – in NSW in 2010 – but it is not legal for same-sex couples or single people in Western Australia or South Australia.
Director Nadia Tass says that although e-baby is a comedy, she expects audiences will be divided over the subject matter.
“I had one very religious person say to me: you really shouldn’t be doing this play because it perpetuates things that are wrong. They believe if a woman is not meant to have a child, they shouldn’t have one. I think this play will open up debate. This is an area that needs to be addressed – IVF, surrogacy and adoption – because Australia is lagging behind.”
Actor Gabrielle Scawthorn, who plays Nellie, a young American mother-of-two who volunteers to be the surrogate, says she hopes the play will open people’s minds.
“Infertility affects so many people but it’s like depression, we don’t talk about it,” Scawthorn says. “Everyone in the audience will know someone who has gone through it. When I first read the play, I thought it was so refreshing – we just don’t see these kinds of topics on stage. It is controversial in terms of what we are actually talking about, but the characters are super-relatable.”
Written by Jane Cafarella, an Australian playwright, journalist and cartoonist, e-baby exposes much of the nitty gritty of the medical process involved in conceiving through IVF.
“It follows Nellie and her husband through all the needles, the transfer, the ultrasounds and the pregnancy,” Scawthorn says. “Poor Nellie is balancing her strong belief that this is the right thing to do with the reality of dealing with all the physical and emotional upheavals. And Catherine is following Nellie’s journey through Skype. It is set today so you can have two people doing this incredibly intimate act but they are on opposite sides of the world.”
Tass sees the play as “incredibly current”.
“It not only examines the ethics of the surrogacy but also the technology that is being used for these two women to communicate,” she says. “We are operating on a global level and not a parochial one.”
e-baby plays until November 16 at the Ensemble Theatre, Kirribilli; $25-$71.
JOY IN THE SPOTLIGHT
Surrogacy has hit the headlines many times in recent years as high-profile couples express gratitude to the surrogate mothers who carried their babies.
Supermodel Tyra Banks and her partner Erik Asla posted a photo of their newborn son on Instagram in January, offering thanks to “the angel of a woman that carried our miracle baby boy for us. We pray for everyone who struggles to reach this joyous milestone.”
Sarah Jessica Parker and Matthew Broderick with their son James and twin daughters Marion, left, and Tabitha in 2009, shortly after their birth via surrogate. Photo: AP/Robin Layton
Actress Lucy Liu also shared a photo of her baby son who was “brought into this world via gestational carrier”.
Actors Sarah Jessica Parker and Matthew Broderick have twin daughters by a surrogate mother. Parker announced the twin pregnancy in 2009 and faced a media storm of interest leading the actress to say she was worried about the surrogate.
“On a daily basis, on an hourly basis, I am greatly concerned for her health and safety and the safe delivery of our children,” Parker, then 44, said in an interview at the time.
When baby Faith Margaret was born via surrogate to Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban in 2010, the couple released a statement saying: “No words can adequately convey the gratitude that we feel for everyone who was so supportive throughout this process, in particular our gestational carrier.”
Read Original Article Here- http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/stage/ivf-and-the-last-chance-to-have-a-baby-examined-on-stage-in-ebaby-20161010-grz2zo.html
Your family is there for you through thick and thin and vice versa, right? No matter how annoying they can be, you would do absolutely anything for them. But really? Anything? Would you carry and give birth to your brother’s child?
What A Cute Couple
David and his partner Brendan from Sydney, Australia wanted a child of their own. For years they had been desperately trying to adopt. Because of Australia’s policy on adoption for same-sex couples, they were having a very hard time and began to lose hope of being able to have a child.
A Big Favor
Seeing their struggle, David’s sister, Ashlee Mataele, volunteered to be a surrogate for the couple. Ashley already had three children with her husband, and she was ready to bear number four for her brother.
When asked about her generous offer to have their child, she explained, “When I was growing up all I ever wanted to be was a mum. That’s why the decision to become their surrogate was so easy for me… Being a mum has brought me so much joy, I wanted the same happiness for David and Brendan. When I saw how much David and Brendan were struggling to become parents together, I knew I had to help.”
An Offer You Can’t Refuse
That is one awesome sister, and that is certainly a much bigger favor than, “Hey can you run to the store for me?” When she first offered, the couple was shocked.
“It took a few days for them to believe I was serious. They couldn’t believe it,” she said.
The Team Is Now Complete
Once everyone was onboard, David and Brendan started searching for an egg donor to fertilize with Brendan’s sperm. Within only a few days, they connected with a woman through a surrogacy forum named Corrinne Hocking, who would be the egg the donor. When getting to know Hocking, they realized that she used to study where the couple was studying when first met. They felt like the connection was kismet.
First Time’s The Charm
Ashlee got pregnant on the first try.
She said, “After doctors created a few viable embryos, I was implanted with the first one in September 2015. I remember feeling really excited about the prospect of falling pregnant with my future niece or nephew. We discovered it had worked about two weeks later and I got David’s kids to draw banners to tell them the news. It was an amazing moment our families shared.”
Baby Rylee was born on June 4, 2016. When he was born, the baby was put into Brendan, the father’s arms first. Brendan also cut the umbilical cord and the nurses placed the baby on his chest where they stayed cradled like that bonding for more than an hour.
Number One Aunty
You may be thinking, “How could she possibly carry a baby for nine months and then hand him off to someone else? Wasn’t that hard for her?”
But Ashlee said, “People questioned if I’d be able to hand over a baby at the end, but that never once worried me. I was the baby’s aunty, not its mum.”
What an amazing family moment and what a generous and wonderful person. To Ashlee, it was nothing.
“I was so pleased we had given such an incredible gift to two people who mean so much to me,” she said. “To see and feel the love they had for Rylee from the moment he was born, I knew we’d done the right thing.”
A WOMAN born without a womb has become a mum thanks to her sister offering to be a surrogate and her parents paying for IVF treatment.
Faye Richards, 31, from Hereford, was born with a condition called Mayer Rokitansky Küster Hauser syndrome which meant she could never carry a child.
As her husband Tony, 41, a decorator, had three children from a previous relationship the couple knew they would have to pay thousands for private IVF and surrogacy expenses to become parents together.
Faye’s younger sister Kim Thomas, 28, stepped up as an IVF surrogate – and her parents Dave, 66, a plasterer, and June, 58, a nurse, offered to foot the £22,000 bill for private treatment.
Faye said: “Kim and I were always close, but when she offered to be my surrogate I was staggered.
“It was the most generous offer she could have made, when my parents gave us the funds to make it happen our dream of being parents was finally within reach.”
Kim, a health care assistant who is mum to six-year-old Harry, added: “Being a mum was so important to Faye I knew I’d do anything to make it happen. I know she would have done the same for me.”
After two unsuccessful rounds of IVF with Faye’s eggs and Tony’s sperm, Kim – who is engaged to partner Jason Baginski – fell pregnant on her third attempt. Baby Ralphie was born in May.
Faye, who works in mental health, added: “Every time I look at my son I feel so lucky my family helped me have him.
“When Ralphie’s older I’ll tell him that we wanted him so much his Auntie Kim and Grandma and Grandpa stepped in to make it happen.”
Faye was diagnosed with MRKH and polycystic ovaries at Hereford County Hospital aged 19 when her periods still hadn’t started.
She said: “Put simply, I was born without a womb. I have ovaries and produce eggs, but have no Fallopian tubes or uterus so will never carry a child.
“It was devastating. Even as a teenager I knew I wanted to be a mum someday.”
In January 2011, Faye started dating dad of three, Tony. They discussed having children together through an IVF surrogate – meaning Faye’s eggs would be fertilised by Tony’s sperm and implanted in a surrogate womb.
But in December 2012 they were refused IVF surrogacy on the NHS as Tony was already a dad.
Faye said: “We knew private surrogacy would cost thousands in expenses on top of the £6,000 quoted per round of IVF. There was no way we could afford it.”
That month the couple got engaged and Faye asked her sister to be her bridesmaid. Then in June 2013 Kim made the huge decision to offer her womb as a surrogate for her sister.
What’s more, June and Dave offered to lend Tony and Faye money to pay for IVF.
June said: “We used our savings but there was nothing more we wanted to spend that money on.
“Tony promised to pay back every penny, but we told him we’re in no rush to see that money.
“It was our first present to our grandchild.”
Now, Kim and Jason plan to get married next year, and Faye said she can’t wait to attend the ceremony with her husband and son.
Kim said: “Faye kept asking how I was feeling. I told her I felt like I’d just carried my nephew so my sister could be a mum.”
Read Original Article Here: http://www.herefordtimes.com/news/local/14760516.Baby_joy_for_mother_with_no_womb__thanks_to_loving_family/?commentSort=score
‘I’ve always held on to hope’: Cancer survivor who had a hysterectomy at 25 opens up on her search for a surrogate mother to carry her children
Venera Wilson lost her uterus and ovaries to cancer at just 25 years old
She froze her eggs before the hysterectomy in the hope of having children
Her partner of nine months agreed to fertilize the eggs for her
Five years after the hysterectomy they still have not found a surrogate
A woman who lost her uterus and ovaries to cancer when she was just 25 has spoken of her quest to become a mum.
Venera Wilson, now 30, from Sydney, NSW, lost all chance of becoming pregnant after a hysterectomy to remove an aggressive uterine cancer five years ago.
Determined to be a mother, Mrs Wilson froze four fertilized embryos before the procedure in the hope she would find a surrogate to one day carry her children.
Five years since she lost her uterus, Mrs Wilson and her husband have decided the time is right to try for kids.
The decision has been brewing since 2012, when husband Dan agreed on the spot to help his partner have children – despite only having known her for nine months at the time.
‘We had been together for nine months and he was in the navy, which meant it took a lot of effort to keep our relationship going and we got quite serious quite quickly,’ Mrs Wilson told Daily Mail Australia.
‘Saying that, I was still surprised when I went to see the IVF consultant and he [Dan] agreed on the spot to help me out with the embryos.
‘I was beyond belief that he would do that for me. Wow. Dan decided that if the worst came to it and we split up, he was still prepared to be a donor.’
At the time the fertilized embryos had a 50 per cent chance of pregnancy success, while freezing unfertilized eggs had a success rate of just five per cent.
‘Extremely positive’: Mrs Wilson said she was blown away when her husband Dan offered to help in her search for a surrogate
Mrs Wilson’s battle with uterine cancer began at the unusually young age of 23.
‘When I was diagnosed at 23 we were under the impression that it was a hormonal cancer and quite stable,’ she said.
‘My case was quite unique. It doesn’t usually happen to people my age. The doctors figured I could find someone, have a child and then have a hysterectomy.
‘This was the case for about a year and a half then, all of a sudden, it was like the cancer woke up.
‘It was a huge shock. I remember yelling hysterically at the doctors that I didn’t want the hysterectomy.
‘I didn’t really understand at the time that if I didn’t get it, I wouldn’t be here right now.’
Well aware that finding a surrogate mother would be an arduous process, Mrs Wilson and her partner recently decided the time was right to begin their search.
‘The thought of finding a surrogate was starting to really get me down, but Daniel said I should go ahead and put it out there,’ Mrs Wilson said.
‘Half of my friends didn’t even know I was going through this. But the response has been extremely positive and helpful.’
After posting her story on Facebook, a number of kind-hearted strangers had been in touch to offer support, she said.
‘I’m quite overwhelmed with it all. I’ve read that people do this, but it’s usually a family or a friend. These are complete strangers.’
Australia’s restrictive surrogacy laws had made the process extremely difficult so far, she said.
However, she was confident that she would eventually fulfil her dream of one day becoming a mother.
‘I’ve always held on to hope because I thought that if I didn’t everything would crumble.
‘I’ve got four embryos. It’s not like I’ve got nothing.’
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